The Department of Health and Environment lab has confirmed the state's first case of monkeypox.
The case involves a woman who was bitten earlier this month by a prairie dog while she was visiting someone in Missouri.
Samples taken from the woman were sent to federal labs in Atlanta for further tests.
The woman fell ill last week was hospitalized. She's expected to be released soon from a Leavenworth hospital.
Officials are contacting people who may have been in contact with the woman so they can consider taking the smallpox vaccination.
Monkeypox is a rare disease usually found in Africa. It's spread to humans mainly through contact with sick prairie dogs or Gambian giant rats.