Authorities believe the driver was traveling between 70 and 80 mph on a dirt road when he lost control.
The vote Friday was 109-5 against the measure.
School districts in Kansas face the loss of about $7.2 million this coming school year in federal funding that's reserved for the highest-poverty schools.
A long-range plan for the state's highways suggests that Kansas Highway 10 between Lawrence and Johnson County become a partial toll road.
An agreement struck earlier in the week on the 2014 Kansas budget remains on the back burner while Republican legislative leaders seek agreement on taxes.
Visitors to the Kansas Cosmosphere and Space Center will be able to watch the restoration of rusted pieces of Apollo-era rocket engines that helped boost astronauts to the moon.